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Author Service enquiries

For any general pre-submission queries, including e.g. article types, indexing, timeline, publishing costs and APCs of the journal, please visit Springer support portal.

Submission-related enquiries

Queries about submission issues, peer review process, or the status of your manuscript should be sent to Fangfang Cai (editorial office support or Feric Bernardo (editorial manager system support

Production-related enquiries

Queries about accepted manuscripts in production or post-publication corrections should be sent to Katherine Zhang (

Rights and Permissions enquiries

For permission requests to reuse or reprint content, please follow the link ‘Rights and permissions’ on the relevant article page. For other queries, contact

Publication-related enquiries

Queries related to journal publishing should be sent to Xiu Chen (