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Table 1 Standard physical analysis model of computational light microscopy

From: Smart computational light microscopes (SCLMs) of smart computational imaging laboratory (SCILab)

  Source Object Imaging system Detector
Principle Linear decomposition Diffraction theory Diffraction or modulation Discrete sampling and digitization
Solution Coherent Modes Approximation models; Linear system theory; Amplitude squared
   Scalar diffraction theory;   superposition;
   Vector diffraction theory;   
Model Wavelength; Pure phase object [161]; Point spread function; Spectral response;
  Intensity distribution; Thin object approximation [60]; Coherent transfer function; Quantum efficiency;
  Complex amplitude; Weak object approximation [160]; Optical transfer function; Noise statistics;
  Coherence functions; Slowly-varying object approximation [85]; Modulation transfer function; Bayer filter;
  Polarization; Born/Rytvo approximations [100, 162]; Transmission cross-coefficient;  
   Multi-slice propagation model [163];   
   Non-negative refractive index [96];   
Modulation Wavelength [164]; Horizontal shift [168]; Tunable lens [82]; Lateral/axial displacement [176];
  Intensity distribution [165]; Axial shift [169]; Coded aperture [172]; Spectrum response cross-talk matrix [177];
  Wave vector angle [60]; Angular rotation [170]; Spatial light modulator [94]; Pixelation binning/downsampling [178];
  Temporal coherence [154]; Absorption spectrum distribution [171]; Microlens array [90]; Polarization detection [179];
  Spatial coherence [155, 166]; Fluorescence excitation [16, 20]; Phase plate [173]; Single pixel detection [180, 181];
  Polarization [156, 167]; etc. Speckle [174, 175]; etc.
  etc.   etc.